Buddhist Eightfold Path
The Noble Eightfold Path describes the way to the end of suffering, as
it was laid out by Siddhartha Gautama. It is a practical guideline to ethical
and mental development with the goal of freeing the individual from attachments
and delusions; and it finally leads to understanding the truth about all things
1. Right View (Wisdom) - Right view is the beginning and
the end of the path, it simply means to see and to understand things as they
really are and to realise the Four
2. Right Intention (Wisdom) - Right intention can be described
best as commitment to ethical and mental self-improvement.
three types of right intentions:
1. the intention of renunciation, which means
resistance to the pull of desire
2. the intention of good will, meaning resistance
to feelings of anger and aversion
3. the intention of harmlessness, meaning
not to think or act cruelly, violently, or aggressively, and to develop compassion.
3. Right Speech (Ethical Conduct) - The importance of speech
in the context of Buddhist ethics is obvious: words can break or save lives,
make enemies or friends, start war or create peace.
Buddha explained right
speech as follows:
1. to abstain from false speech, especially not to tell deliberate
lies and not to speak deceitfully
2. to abstain from slanderous speech and not
to use words maliciously against others
3. to abstain from harsh words that
offend or hurt others
4. to abstain from idle chatter that lacks purpose
or depth. Positively phrased, this means to tell the truth, to speak friendly,
warm, and gently and to talk only when necessary.
4. Right Action (Ethical Conduct) - Unwholesome actions lead
to unsound states of mind, while wholesome actions lead to sound states of mind.
Again, the principle is explained in terms of abstinence
Right action in Buddhism means:
1. to abstain from harming sentient beings,
especially to abstain from taking life (including suicide) and doing harm intentionally
2. to abstain from taking what is not given, which includes
stealing, robbery, fraud, deceitfulness, and dishonesty
d 3. to abstain from
5. Right Livelihood (Ethical Conduct) - Right livelihood
means that one should earn one's living in a righteous way and that wealth should
be gained legally and peacefully.
The Buddha mentions four specific activities that harm other beings and that
one should avoid for this reason:
1. dealing in weapons
2. dealing in living
beings (including raising animals for slaughter as well as slave trade and prostitution)
3. working in meat production and butchery
4. selling intoxicants and
poisons, such as alcohol and drugs.
6. Right Effort Mental (Development) - Right effort can be
seen as a prerequisite for the other principles of the path. Without effort,
which is in itself an act of will, nothing can be achieved, whereas misguided
effort distracts the mind from its task, and confusion will be the consequence.
Right effort is detailed in four types of endeavours that rank in ascending
order of perfection:
1. to prevent the arising of unarisen unwholesome states
2. to abandon unwholesome states that have already arisen
3. to arouse wholesome
states that have not yet arisen
4. to maintain and perfect wholesome states
7. Right Mindfulness (Development) - It is the mental ability
to see things as they are, with clear consciousness. Usually, the cognitive process
begins with an impression induced by perception, or by a thought, but then it
does not stay with the mere impression.
Buddha accounted for this as the four foundations of mindfulness:
of the body
2. contemplation of feeling (repulsive, attractive, or neutral)
3. contemplation of the state of mind
4. contemplation of the phenomena.
8. Right Concentration (Development) - Right concentration
for the purpose of the eightfold path means wholesome concentration, i.e. concentration
on wholesome thoughts and actions.
The Buddhist method of choice to develop right
concentration is through the practice of meditation. The meditating mind focuses
on a selected object. It first directs itself onto it, then sustains concentration,
and finally intensifies concentration step by step. Through this practice it
becomes natural to apply elevated levels concentration also in everyday situations.
The Buddhist Flag
First hoisted in 1885 in Sri
Lanka, is a symbol of faith and peace used throughout the world to represent the Buddhist
Buddhist Flag Meanings
Blue: Universal Compassion
Yellow: The Middle Path
White: Purity and Liberation
Thailand - Bangkok
- City Pillar Shrine - Buddhist Temple
The Dharma Wheel
In Buddhism—according to the Pali Canon, Vinayapitaka, Khandhaka,
Mahavagga, the number of spokes of the Dharmachakra represent
8 spokes representing the Noble
Eightfold Path (Ariya magga).
12 spokes representing the Twelve Laws of Dependent Origination (Paticcasamuppada).
24 spokes representing the Twelve Laws of Dependent Origination and the Twelve
Laws of Dependent Termination (Paticcasamuppada).
31 spokes representing 31 realms of existence (11 realms of desire, 16 realms
of form and 4 realms of formlessness).
Nam-Myoho-Renge-Kyo is a Japanese Buddhist
chant based upon the Lotus Sutra. Nichiren Daishonin (Feb 16, 1222 – Oct
13, 1282) a Buddhist monk who lived during the Kamakura period (1185–1333)
in Japan. Nichiren taught devotion to the Lotus Sutra, entitled Myōhō-Renge-Kyō in
Japanese, as the exclusive means to attain enlightenment and the chanting of
Nam-Myōhō-Renge-Kyō as the essential practice of the teaching.
Various schools with diverging interpretations of Nichiren's teachings comprise
Nam - To devote one's life
Myoho - Myo is the mystic nature of life and Ho, its manifestation
Renge - "Lotus Flower"; which symolises the ballance of cause and effect
Kyo - Sutra, the voice or teachings of Buddha (The sound or vibration that connects everything in the ubiverse)
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